200 Free Textbooks: A Meta Collection

Art History

A Textbook of the History of Painting by John Charles Van Dyke, Rutgers


Anatomy and Physiology – Edited by various profs at OpenStaxBiology – Edited by various profs at OpenStaxBiology Pages, John W. Kimball, Harvard UniversityBiochemistry Free and Easy – Kevin Ahern and Dr. Indira Rajagopal, Oregon StateBotany Online: The Internet Hypertextbook by multiple scholars.Cells: Molecules and Mechanisms. Published by the Axolotl Academic Publishing Co.CK-12 Biology I (Grades 9-12) edited by Douglas Wilkin, Chair, Dept of Science, Los Angeles Unified School DistrictCK-12 Life Science (Grades 9-12) edited by Douglas Wilkin, Chair, Dept of Science, Los Angeles Unified School DistrictConcepts of Biology – Edited by various profs at OpenStaxGuide to Getting into Med School – Kevin Ahern and Dr. Indira Rajagopal, Oregon StateLife on Earth (iBook) – E.O. Wilson, HarvardRediscovering Biology by multiple authors, UMass Amherst, University of Missouri-St. Louis, Portland Community College

Business and Management

Business Ethics by Jose A. Cruz-Cruz, William Frey, University of Puerto Rico – MayaguezBusiness Fundamentals by the Global Text ProjectCore Concepts of Marketing by John BurnettCorporate Finance by Ivo Welch, UCLACREATE OR PERISH: The Case for Inventions and Patents by Robert Rines, MITElectronic Commerce by Multiple authors, University of Georgia, Bentley College, and Simon Fraser University

Guidelines for Improving the Effectiveness of Boards of Directors of Nonprofit Organizations by Vic Murray and Yvonne Harrison, SUNY, Albany


Chemistry, Grades 10-12, Created by the FHSST Project (Free High School Science Texts)Chemistry Virtual Textbooks by Stephen Lower, Simon Fraser UniversityCK-12 Chemistry (Grades 9-12) by multiple authors. Covers high school chemistry curriculum in California.Concept Development Studies in Chemistry by John S. Hutchinson, Rice UniversityOrganic Chemistry (with a Biological Emphasis) by Tim Soderberg, University of Minnesota, MorrisVirtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry. Presented by Michigan State


Cicero, On Pompey’s Command (De Imperio), 27–49. Latin Text, Study Aids with Vocabulary, Commentary, and Translation, by Ingo Gildenhard, Louise Hodgson, et al, Cambridge University.Tacitus, Annals, 15.20­-23, 33­-45. Latin Text, Study Aids with Vocabulary, and Commentary, by Mathew Owen and Ingo Gildenhard, Cambridge UniversityVirgil, Aeneid, 4.1–299. Latin Text, Study Questions, Commentary and Interpretative Essays by Ingo Gildenhard, by Cambridge UniversityCicero, Against Verres, 2.1.53–86. Latin Text with Introduction, Study Questions, Commentary and English Translation, by Ingo Gildenhard, Cambridge University

Computer Science & Information Systems

A Byte of Python, by Swaroop C HA First Course in Electrical and Computer Engineering by Louis Scharf, Colorado StateArtificial Intelligence: Foundations of Computational Agents by David Poole and Alan Mackworth, University of British ColumbiaBits, Signals, and Packets: An Introduction to Digital Communications and Networks by Hari Balakrishnan, Christopher Terman, and George Verghese, MITCode Like a Pythonista: Idiomatic Python, by David GoodgerComputational Geometry by Nicholas M. Patrikalakis, Takashi Maekawa, MITDive into Python, by Mark PilgrimFoundations of Computer Science by Al Aho (Columbia) and Jeff Ullman (Stanford)High Performance Computing by Charles Severance, University of MichiganHow to Think Like a Computer Scientist: C ++ ( PDF) by Allen B. Downey, Olin CollegeHow to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Java by Allen B. Downey, Olin CollegeHow to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Python by Allen B. Downey, Olin CollegeHow to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python 3 by Peter Wentworth, Jeffrey Elkner, Allen B. Downey, and Chris Meyers.Implementing a One Address CPU in Logisim by Charles W. Kann III, Gettysburg CollegeInformation Technology and the Networked Economy by Patrick McKeown, University of GeorgiaInformation Technology for Management by Henry Lucas, NYUInformation Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms by David MacKay, CambridgeIntroduction To MIPS Assembly Language Programming by Charles W. Kann III, Gettysburg CollegeiPad and iPhone App Development (related to this video course) by Daniel Steinberg, StanfordLearn Python the Hard Way, by Zed A. ShawNeural Networks and Deep Learning, by Michael Nielsen, Research Fellow at the Recurse CenterPhilosophy of Computer Science by William J. Rapaport, University at Buffalo, The State University of New YorkPrinciples of Computer System Design: An Introduction (Part II) by Jerome Saltzer and M. Frans Kaashoek.Principles of Programming Languages by Grad Students, Johns HopkinsProgramming Languages: Application and Interpretation by Dr. Shriram Krishnamurthi, Brown University.Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis by Fernando C. N. Pereira and Stuart M. Shieber, U Penn & HarvardPython for Informatics: Exploring Information by Charles Severance, University of MichiganStructure and Interpretation of Computer Programs by Jerry Sussman & Julie SussmanTeach Yourself WordPerfect Mac by John RethorstThe Princeton Bitcoin Textbook by Arvind Narayanan (Princeton) and colleagues

Earth Science

CK-12 Earth Science for Middle School by multiple authors.Earth Systems, an Earth Science Course (Grades 9-10). Published by Curriki. Covers California curriculum.Introduction to Physical Oceanography by Dr. Robert Stewart, Texas A&M University

Economics & Finance

Principles of Macroeconomics by Libby Rittenberg and Timothy Tregarthen, Colorado College


Educational Psychology by Kevin Seifert and Rosemary Sutton, University of Manitoba and Cleveland State

Electrical Engineering

Digital Circuit Projects: An Overview of Digital Circuits Through Implementing Integrated Circuits by Charles W. Kann, Gettysburg CollegeElectromagnetics and Applications by David Staelin, MITElectromechanical Dynamics by Herbert H. Woodson and James R. Melcher, MITFundamentals of Electrical Engineering I by Don Johnson, Rice UniversityIntroduction to Nanoelectronics by Marc Baldo, MITIntroduction to Physical Electronics by William Wilson, Rice UniversityIntroduction to Statics and Dynamics by Andy Ruina and Rudra Pratap, Cornell UniversityLessons In Electric Circuits by  Tony R. Kuphaldt, Bellingham Technical CollegeOperational Amplifiers: Theory and Practice by James K. Roberge, MITSignals, Systems and Inference by MITSignals and Systems, by Alan Oppenheim and Alan Willsky, MITSystem Design for Uncertainty, by Michael S. Triantafyllou, MITThe Art of Insight in Science and Engineering: Mastering Complexity, by Prof. Sanjoy Mahajan


Analysis of Structural Member Systems by Jerome Connor, MITEngineering: An Introduction for High School (9-12) by multiple authorsManeuvering and Control of Surface and Underwater Vehicles, by Michael S. Triantafyllou, MITMechanics of Materials by MIT


US History Learner English (ESL) by The Learner English SeriesU.S. History since 1877 by James Ross-Nazzal, Houston Community College


Deutsch im Blick by the University of TexasGerman for Reading Knowledge by Howard Martin, revised and expanded as an open online textbook by Alan Ng, University of Wisconsin-MadisonHindi: An Active Introduction by DN Sharma & James Stone, Foreign Service InstituteLearning Chinese: A Foundation Course in Mandarin (Part 1). by Julian Wheatley, MITPart 2Part 3Part 4My Korean 1 and 2 by Young-A Cho, In-Jung Cho, Monash University (Australia)Español I (free for iPad) by David Nance, ADE Distance Learning CenterFrench: Familiarization and Short-Term Training by Foreign Service InstituteSpanish: Familiarization and Short Term Training by Foreign Service Institute


 Intellectual Property: Law & the Information Society—Cases and Materials by James Boyle and Jennifer Jenkins, Duke


How Language Works: The Cognitive Science of Linguistics by Mike Gasser, Indiana University


Abstract Algebra: The Basic Graduate Year by Robert B. Ash, University of IllinoisAbstract Algebra: Theory and Applications by Thomas W. Judson, Stephen F. Austin State UniversityAdvanced Algebra II by Kenny Felder,  Raleigh Charter High SchoolAdvanced Calculus by Sternberg Shlomo and Lynn Loomis, Harvard UniversityAlgebra 1 (Grades 9 & 10) by Andrew and Anne Gloag, High Tech High in San Diego, CaliforniaAlgebra and Analysis for Computer Science by Jean Gallier, University of Pennsylvania.Applied Probability by Paul Pfeiffer, Rice UniversityBasic Analysis by Jiří Lebl, University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignBasic Concepts of Mathematics by Elias Zakon, The University of WindsorBasic Probability Theory by Robert B. Ash, University of IllinoisBasic Probability and Statistics by Brenda Meery, high school mathematics teacher in Glace Bay, Nova ScotiaBook of Proof by Dr. Richard Hammack, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityCalculus for Beginners and Artists by MITCalculus Online Textbook, by Gilbert Strang, MITCalculus (PDF) by David Guichard, Whitman College.Calculus (PDF) by Gilbert Strang, MITCalculus 1 by Paul Dawkins, Lamar UniversityCalculus 2 by Paul Dawkins, Lamar UniversityCalculus 3 by Paul Dawkins, Lamar UniversityCalculus with Applications, by Daniel Kleitman, MITCK-12 Geometry (Grades 10-12) by multiple authors. Covers California curriculum.CK-12 Single Variable Calculus (Grades 11-12) by Multiple authors. Covers California curriculum.CK-12 Trigonometry – Second Edition (Grades 10-12) by multiple authors. Covers California curriculum.Collaborative Statistics by Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D and Susan Dean, De Anza CollegeCollege Algebra by Paul Dawkins, Lamar UniversityComplex Analysis by George Cain, Georgia Institute of TechnologyComplex Variables by Robert B. Ash, University of IllinoisComputational Geometry by Nicholas M. Patrikalakis, Takashi Maekawa, MITA Computational Introduction to Number Theory and Algebra by Victor Shoup, NYUA Course In Algebraic Number Theory by Robert B. Ash, University of IllinoisA Course In Commutative Algebra by Robert B. Ash, University of IllinoisDesign of Comparative Experiments by R. A. Bailey, University of LondonDifference Equations to Differential Equations: An Introduction to Calculus by Dan Sloughter, Furman UniversityDifferential Equations by Paul Dawkins, Lamar UniversityDiscrete Mathematics: An Open Introduction by Oscar Levin, University of Northern ColoradoDynamical Systems by S. Sternberg, Harvard UniversityElectronic Statistics Textbook by T. Hill & P. Lewicki.Elementary Abstract Algebra by W. Edwin Clark, University of Southern FloridaElementary Calculus: An Infinitesimal Approach by H. Jerome Keisler, University of Wisconsin-MadisonElementary Differential Equations (PDF) by William F. Trench, Trinity UniversityElementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems (PDF) by William F. Trench, Trinity UniversityStudent Solutions Manual for Elementary Differential Equations and Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems (PDF) by William F. Trench, Trinity UniversityElementary Linear Algebra by Keith Matthews, University of QueenslandElementary Number Theory by W. Edwin Clark, University of Southern FloridaElements of Abstract and Linear Algebra by Edwin H. Connell, University of MiamiFirst Course in Complex Analysis by Matthias Beck, Gerald Marchesi, and Dennis Pixton, SUNY – BinghamtonFirst Course in Linear Algebra by Dr. Robert Beezer, University of Puget SoundFunctions Defined by Improper Integrals (PDF) by William F. Trench, Trinity UniversityGeneratingFunctionology by Herbert Wilf, University of PennsylvaniaIntroduction to Matrix Algebra by Autar K Kaw, University of South FloridaIntroduction to Probability (PDF) by Charles Grinstead & J. Laurie Snell, Swarthmore & Dartmouth CollegesIntroduction to Probability, Statistics, and Random Processes by Hossein Pishro-Nik, UMass AmherstIntroduction to Real Analysis (PDF) by William F. Trench, Trinity UniversityIntroduction to Social Network Methods by Robert A. Hanneman and Mark Riddle, UC RiversideIntroduction to Statistical Thought by Michael Lavine, UMASSIntroductory Statistics: Concepts, Models, and Applications by David W. Stockburger, Missouri StateIntroduction to the Theory of Numbers by Leo Moser, McGillLectures on Probability, Statistics and Econometrics by Marco Taboga, Economist, Bank of ItalyLectures on Statistics by Robert B. Ash, University of IllinoisLinear Algebra (PDF) by Jim Hefferon, Saint Michael’s CollegeLinear Algebra by Paul Dawkins, Lamar UniversityMath Alive by Ingrid Daubechies, Princeton UniversityMath in Society by David Lipmann, Pierce CollegeMath, Numerics, and Programming (for Mechanical Engineers) by Masayuki Yano, MITMathematical Methods of Engineering Analysis (PDF) by Erhan Çinlar and Robert J. Vanderbei, Princeton UniversityMultivariable Calculus by George Cain & James Herod, Georgia TechProofs and Concepts: The Fundamentals of Abstract Mathematics by Dave Witte Morris and Joy Morris, University of LethbridgeReal Variables with Basic Metric Space Topology by Robert B. Ash, University of IllinoisStatistics by Philip B. Stark, University of California – UC BerkeleyA Summary of Calculus by Karl Heinz Dovermann, University of HawaiiThe Book “A=B” by Marko Petkovsek, Herbert Wilf and Doron Zeilberger, Univ. of Pennsylvania and RutgersThe Method of Lagrange Multipliers (PDF) by William Trench, Trinity UniversityThe Calculus of Functions of Several Variables by Dan Sloughter, Furman UniversityYet Another Calculus Text by Dan Sloughter, Furman University


Beyond Slonimsky: Melodic Patterns for Guitar – by Rich Cochrane (Find alternate version here)Music Fundamentals 1: Pitch and Major Scales and Keys – by Terry B. Ewell, Towson UniversityMusic Fundamentals 3: Minor Scales and Keys – by Terry B. Ewell, Towson UniversityMusic Fundamentals 5: Triads, Chords, Introduction to Roman Numerals by Terry B. Ewell, Towson UniversityScale and Arpeggio Resources: A Guitar Encyclopedia by Rich Cochrane (Find alternate version here)Sound Reasoning (Introductory Music course) by Anthony Brandt, Rice UniversityUnderstanding Basic Music Theory, Edited by Catherine Schmidt-Jones


A Modern Formal Logic Primer by Paul Teller, UC DavisArguments: Deductive Logic Exercises, by H. Pospesel and D. Marans, UC Davisforall x: An Introduction to Formal Logic by PD Magnus, University at Albany, State University of New Yorkforallx: Cambridge by P.D. Magnus; modified for Cambridge by Tim ButtonMetatheory for truth-functional logic by Tim Button, Cambridge University


Age of Einstein, by Frank W. K. Firk, Yale University.Calculus-Based Physics by Jeffrey W. Schnick, Saint Anselm CollegeClassical Electrodynamics by Bo Thidé, Uppsala School of EngineeringCollege Physics (introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics book) by OpenStaxConceptual Physics by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton CollegeConservation Laws by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton CollegeEssential Physics 1, Frank W.K. Firk, Yale UniversityFields by Warren Siegel, SUNYGeneral Relativity by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton CollegeIntroduction to Groups, Invariants & Particles, by Frank W. K. Firk, Yale UniversityIntroduction to Statics and Dynamics by Andy Ruina and Rudra Pratap, Cornell UniversityIntroduction to String Field Theory by Warren Siegel, SUNYMountain Motion (or on Scribd) by Dr. Christoph Schiller PhD, trained at Université Libre de BruxellesOptics by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton CollegePrinciples of Modern Physics – Robert B. Leighton, CaltechProgramming Languages: Application and Interpretation by Dr. Shriram Krishnamurthi, Brown UniversitySimple Nature: An Introduction to Physics for Engineering and Physical Science Students by Ben Crowell, Fullerton CollegeSuperspace: One Thousand and One Lessons in Supersymmetry by Warren Siegel. Jim Gates, Marc Grisaru, and Martin Rocek, SUNY, McGill, University of MarylandThe Feynman Lectures on Physics by Richard Feynman, Robert B. Leighton and Matthew SandsVolume 1: Read Online NowVolume 2: Read Online NowVolume 3: Read Online NowThe Light and Matter Series (Six texts) by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton CollegeVibrations and Waves by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton CollegeThe Modern Revolution in Physics by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton CollegeThe People’s Physics Book by James H. Dann, UC Santa Cruz21st Century Physics Flexbook: A Compilation of Contemporary and Emerging Technologies, by the Secretaries of Education and Technology and the Department of Education in the state of Virginia

Political Science

Thinking About Politics: American Government in Associational Perspective by Paul F. deLespinasse, Adrian College


Educational Psychology by Kevin Seifert and Rosemary Sutton, University of Manitoba and Cleveland State


American Society: How It Actually Works by By Erik Olin Wright & Joel Rogers, University of WisconsinIntroduction to Sociology by multiple professors

System Theory 

Introduction to the Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems by Hiroki Sayama, Binghamton University, State University of New York.

English language